VHCC, UVa-Wise Students Collaborate on Green Salamander Research

Students from VHCC and UVa-Wise have been involved in the research that requires testing Green Salamanders for pathogens.
Students from VHCC and UVa-Wise have been involved in a unique research project that requires testing Green Salamanders for pathogens. The results were recently published in Herpetological Review.

A collaborative research project conducted by students at Virginia Highlands Community College and the University of Virginia’s College at Wise has resulted in a better understanding of Green Salamander populations and a September article in Herpetological Review.

The research began more than a decade ago and was aimed at determining the prevalence of harmful pathogens in Green Salamanders found in Dickenson, Scott, Washington and Wise counties. Biology students participating in the research were responsible for capturing and swabbing Green Salamanders for these pathogens, then recording and interpreting the results. They ultimately determined that Green Salamanders were infected with pathogens.

“There are really two great benefits to this research,” said Dr. Kevin Hamed, professor of biology at VHCC, who led the project. “We’ve made some important discoveries about the pathogens that might impact Green Salamander populations so we can take steps to better protect them. We’ve also given our students a unique opportunity to be involved in field research and publish their findings.”

The article is entitled “First Report of Ranavirus and Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Green Salamanders (Aneides aeneus) from Virginia, USA.” Herpetological Review is a peer-reviewed quarterly published by the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

Hamed began the project with a Virginia Community College System Paul Lee Professional Development grant in 2005. Subsequent funding was provided by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries through a State Wildlife Grant from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the University Of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture. Students from UVa-Wise, working under the direction of Assistant Professor of Biology Wally Smith also joined the study, and additional funding was provided by the UVa-Wise Fellowship in the Natural Sciences endowment.

“We were thrilled to be able to partner with Dr. Hamed and students on this project,” Dr. Smith said. “The Green Salamander is one of the most unique yet understudied salamander species in our part of Virginia, and this research puts us one step closer to developing the knowledge that will be necessary to effectively conserve this species in our region and beyond. We also are incredibly thankful to the local citizens who aided us by providing their own sightings of this species and helping us expand our knowledge of where Green Salamanders live across southwest Virginia. We hope to expand upon this citizen science aspect in the next phase of our research to better involve local residents in determining where this species lives in our region.”

The second phase of the research will take a closer look at Green Salamander habitats and factors that impact survival. Additional funding is currently being pursued, Hamed said.